Short-Acting Beta Agonists for Asthma Treatment

Short-Acting Beta Agonists for Asthma Treatment

Asthma is a chronic condition that can result in a number of highly unpleasant symptoms interfering with everyday activities. Therefore, it’s important to treat the condition properly and constantly to keep the symptoms from affecting the quality of your life. The good news for all asthma patients is that the right combination of medications can significantly reduce the risk of developing the symptoms. In fact, you can order the required types of asthma inhalers from an online pharmacy and have them delivered to your door.

What drugs are used to counteract an asthmatic attack?

There are controller medications for asthma, such as fluticasone, mometasone, budesonide, flunisolide and other ones. All the controller drugs mentioned belong to the class of corticosteroids and reduce inflammation and swelling of the airways. When you buy asthma inhalers online, keep in mind that you may actually need a combination inhaler that includes a corticosteroid as well as a long-acting beta-agonist that open your airways and facilitate breathing. Besides, there are also short-acting beta agonists to relieve an asthma attack in progress or prevent exercise-induced asthma, as well as oral and intravenous drugs for controlling and relieving asthma symptoms. Knowing which drugs or drugs you need for your treatment is crucial when visiting an online pharmacy, as that way you can order the right amount saving yourself time and money.

The most popular brands of short-acting bronchodilators are:

  • Albuterol (AccuNeb, ProAir HFA, Proventil, Ventolin)
  • Metaproterenol
  • Levalbuterol (Xopenex)
  • Pirbuterol (Maxair)

How to recognize an asthma attack?

Attacks begin, as a rule, suddenly, often at night. In atopic (non-infectious) asthma, attacks are sometimes allergic in nature: pruritus, urticaria, runny nose, etc. Patients with infectious asthma have a feeling of compression of the chest, they suffer from coughing attacks at night. Prodromes appear a few minutes, hours, sometimes even days before an attack. Often a patient with experience can predict his attack. The resolution of the attack occurs after the appearance of cough with a viscous sputum. Dyspnea gradually decreases, breathing returns to normal.

Precursors of an attack: sneezing, coughing, acute rhinitis, breathing with a short sigh and a long shortness of breath, accompanied by wheezing, heard from a distance – the so-called expiratory dyspnea. During the attack, the patient takes a forced position, sits, slightly leaning forward and lifting the shoulder girdle, resting his hands on the back of the chair, the edge of the bed – thereby connecting the auxiliary muscles for better breathing and ease of well-being. The skin acquires a cyanotic hue. The course of an attack can be mild, moderate, severe.

A sudden attack of suffocation often frightens both the patient and others, which worsens the patient’s condition even more. Therefore, it’s important that people around are calm, confident and know how to provide first aid at such a moment.

What to do if someone is having an asthma attack?

The treatment of an asthma attack is reduced to stopping it in a timely manner and as quickly as possible. This is the main task. The choking attack cannot be confused with anything. It usually begins suddenly and develops within a few seconds. There are signs of shortness of breath, paroxysmal cough, whistling and wheezing in the chest. Treatment of an asthma attack can be carried out independently. But if it does not pass within a quarter of an hour, it is necessary to call an ambulance immediately, because an attack lasting more than half an hour carries a direct threat to life. Do not neglect the help of medical professionals.

  • The patient needs to sit down, free the neck and chest from the clothes;
  • If the person is indoors, open the windows, ensuring the flow of oxygen;
  • One of the components of success is the ability to calm down and relax;
  • In order to promptly remove the attack, you will need a metered-dose inhaler with a bronchodilator drug (usually asthmatics always have such inhalers on hand – fluticasone, mometasone, budesonide, flunisolide). It is necessary to remove the cap from the inhaler, turning the vial upside down, and shaking it several times, clamp the inhaler mouthpiece between the teeth and press the bottom of the can during inhalation. Try to hold your breath for at least 5-7 seconds.
  • Usually, after applying the inhaler, the attack retreats. If the attack continues, you can use the inhaler a second time, but no longer.

How to stop an asthma attack without an inhaler?

How to get rip of an attack if you do not have the necessary medications? This question is of great concern to people, because a dangerous symptom can happen at an unforeseen moment, in any situation. In order to prevent serious consequences, a person needs to take the following measures:

  • Try to calm down, eliminate panic and fear;
  • Take a comfortable posture;
  • Remove tight clothing that makes breathing difficult (ties, sweaters with a large collar, etc.);
  • If the attack happened indoors, it’s necessary to open all windows and doors to create a draft;
  • Remove items that may cause an allergic reaction (including pets and plants).

If you do not have an inhaler on hand, you can prepare such a mixture to relieve an asthmatic attack: stir 2 tsp in a glass of hot water, soda and iodine (2-3 drops). Steam is generated from the hot solution and needs to be breathed. This method is effective only in the case of not a strong asthma attack.

Another method for stopping a dangerous symptom: chop the onion on a grater, put the resulting mass in a plastic bag and apply a compress on the back of the patient, in the area between the shoulder blades. A similar effect has a compress of garlic gruel with the addition of vegetable oil. This composition should be applied to the patient’s chest, wrapped with a warm scarf.

If an asthma attack progresses and becomes serious, unfortunately, it will be impossible to stop an asthma attack without medication. In such cases, it is necessary to urgently call the ambulance team to provide qualified assistance with the use of effective drugs.

In any case, when the first symptoms of bronchial asthma appear, you should immediately consult with your doctor to know exactly what to do in your case.