What is Ventolin inhaler?
Ventolin is a bronchodilator that relaxes the muscles of the airways and increases the flow of air into the patient’s lungs. The drug acts on beta2-receptors, which predominate in the smooth muscles of the bronchi (breathing tubes). The inhaler is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive respiratory disease. The active ingredient is salbutamol (also known as albuterol). The medicine is intended for use by adults and children older than 4 years.
Indications for use
- Prevention and relief of bronchospasm in bronchial asthma;
- Symptomatic treatment of broncho-obstructive syndrome (chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc.);
- Symptomatic treatment of night-time asthma (prolonged tableted forms);
- Prevention of preterm labor.
Instructions for use
Use Ventolin in dosages recommended by your doctor. Follow all directions given in prescription. Do not use the medicine for longer than recommended.
Shake your inhaler before each use. The usual dose of the drug is 2 inhalations every 4-6 hours. The effect of albuterol can last up to 6 hours. In no case do not increase the dose or frequency of use of the medicine without consulting a doctor.
Each inhalation canister provides 200 inhalations.
It is recommended to clean the inhaler before use for the first time and in cases when the inhaler has not been used for more than 2 weeks.
Release at least four aerosols into the air, pushing the inhaler away from the face.
The drug is intended for inhalation only.
- The recommended dose for adults in the treatment of asthma – 2 inhalations every 4-6 hours as needed. The dose may be increased to 400 mg of inhaled medication every 4-6 hours, if necessary;
- The recommended dose for adults in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – 2 inhalations every 4-6 hours as needed;
- The recommended dose for adults for the prevention of diseases or during physical activity – 2 inhalations (180 or 216 mg) 15 minutes before a workout;
- The recommended dosage for the treatment of asthma in children under one year of age – 0.05-0.15 mg every 4-6 hours;
- The recommended dose for treating asthma in children aged 1-4 years – 1.25-2.5 mg every 4-6 hours;
- The recommended dose for treating asthma in children aged 5 years or more – 2 inhalations (216 mg) every 4-6 hours, if necessary;
- The recommended dose for asthma in children aged 5–11 years – 2.5 mg every 4–6 hours;
- The recommended dose for treating asthma in children aged 12 years or older – 2.5 to 5 mg every 6 hours as needed.
Since overdose can cause adverse events, the dose or frequency of use of Ventolin inhaler can be increased only on the recommendation of a doctor.
Symptoms of an overdose: decrease in blood pressure, tachycardia, muscle tremor, nausea, vomiting, hypokalemia.
Treatment: The drug should be discontinued. The patient needs appropriate symptomatic therapy.
Ventolin can cause the following allergic reactions: shortness of breath, choking, or other breathing problems, chest pain, fast heart rate (not natural for you), pain or burning when urinating, increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, dry mouth, sweet smell when breathing, drowsiness, dry skin, blurred vision, weight loss, leg cramps, constipation, irregular heartbeat, back pain, body pain, headache, dizziness, nervousness, nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, sore throat, sinus pain, runny nose.
Also, minor side effects may occur: dizziness, increased body temperature, irritability, nausea, redness of the face, neck, upper chest, insomnia, urination problem, trouble sleeping, drowsiness.
Salbutamol is generally well tolerated by patients, and all side effects are temporary and mild. In general, the severity of these side effects depends on the dose and the route of administration. With further use, some side effects can disappear without treatment, as your body adapts to the drug.
Absolute contraindications for Ventolin inhalation:
- threatened preterm labor;
- threatened abortion;
- hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
With caution: thyrotoxicosis, tachyarrhythmia, myocarditis, heart defects, aortic stenosis, coronary artery disease, severe chronic heart failure, hypertension, pheochromocytoma, decompensated diabetes, glaucoma
You should consult a doctor if you are currently using:
- any other inhaled drugs or bronchodilators;
- any diuretic drugs;
- antidepressants – amitriptyline, desipramine, imipramine, doxepin, nortriptyline, and others;
- carvedilol, labetalol, metoprolol, propranolol, sotalol and other similar drugs.
This list is not complete.
Cardiovascular side effects include rapid heartbeat, reflex tachycardia with an increase or decrease in blood pressure. Albuterol in higher doses may exacerbate angina, myocardial ischemia, or cause atrial or ventricular arrhythmias of the heart. The research has not established whether albuterol is dangerous for the fetus or infant. Be sure to notify the doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant or feed a newborn. It is not known how the drug affects breast milk and whether it can harm the infant. Therefore, you should always consult a doctor before going on breastfeeding while taking albuterol. The drug is not recommended for use by children under 4 years of age. Receiving high doses of salbutamol with asthma exacerbation leads to the fact that each subsequent attack becomes more intense than the previous one. In severe suffocation, the interval between inhalations should be at least 20 minutes. In the absence of a minimal effect from inhalation or the appearance of pronounced tremor, tachycardia, and cardiac arrhythmias, further uncontrolled use of the inhaler is contraindicated. The risk of complications increases with a significant duration of treatment and with abrupt withdrawal of the drug. If a dose of a drug that was previously effective for you is not able to provide relief for your health, this fact is a sign of a serious asthma exacerbation. Before increasing the dose, be sure to consult your doctor. If the medicine gets into your eyes, immediately rinse them with plenty of water. The medication should be stored at room temperature away from moisture, heat, or low temperatures. Keep the inhaler away from open flame or high temperatures, as it is flammable.